Buddhism starts with The 4 Noble Truths. Translations and interpretations differ, but a reasonable overview is the following:
- Dissatisfaction is ubiquitous.
- It’s caused by craving.
- It can be overcome.
- How to overcome it.
So far, so good. Whatever your opinions of the above, it should be pretty straight-forward.
Not as straight-forward is why Buddhism then takes a detour into non-self land as a key to happiness. Even less straight-forward is just what Buddhism is claiming about the self. Is it denying it? Is it denying a type of self? For that matter, what is this self that Buddhism denies?
One can reason through things, but it would help if someone would plainly explain why the self is such a problem. Fortunately, this article does exactly that.